Occupational Therapy at Louis Center
Occupational therapy treatment focuses on helping people achieve independence in all areas of their lives. OT can help kids with various needs improve their cognitive, sensory intergration issues, physical, and motor skills and enhance their self-esteem and sense of accomplishment.
Kids Who Might Need Occupational Therapy
According to the AOTA, kids with these medical problems might benefit from OT:
- • birth injuries or birth defects
- • sensory processing disorders
- • traumatic injuries (brain or spinal cord)
- • learning problems
- • autism/pervasive developmental disorders
- • juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
- • mental health or behavioral problems
- • broken bones or other orthopedic injuries
- • developmental delays
- • post-surgical conditions
- • burns
- • spina bifida
- • traumatic amputations
- • cancer
- • severe hand injuries
- • multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, and other chronic illnesses
What do Occupational Therapist do?
- address hand-eye coordination to improve kids' play skills (hitting a target, batting a ball, copying from a blackboard, etc.)
- help kids work on fine motor skills so they can grasp and release toys and develop good handwriting skills
- help kids with severe developmental delays learn basic tasks (such as bathing, getting dressed, brushing their teeth, and feeding themselves)
- help kids with behavioral disorders learn anger-management techniques (i.e., instead of hitting others or acting out, using positive ways to deal with anger, such as writing about feelings or participating in a physical activity)
- teach kids with physical disabilities the coordination skills needed to feed themselves, use a computer, or increase the speed and legibility of their handwriting
- evaluate a child's need for specialized equipment, such as wheelchairs, splints, bathing equipment, dressing devices, or communication aids
- work with kids who have sensory and attentional issues to improve focus and social skills.
How is the child evaluated?
The therapist observes children to see if they can do tasks they are expected to do at their ages. These might relate to certain self-help skills, such as getting dressed. Or they might involve knowing how to play a game.
The therapist will look out for the child's;
- • attention span and stamina
- • transition to new activities
- • play skills
- • need for personal space
- • responses to touch or other types of stimuli
- • motor skills such as posture, balance, or manipulation of small objects
- • aggression or other types of behaviors
- • interactions between the child and caregivers
What is sensory integration therapy?
Some researchers estimate that eight out of 10 children with autism have problems processing sensory input. For example, they can’t filter out background noise. Other signs of processing issues include:
- problems with balance
- problems with body position in space
- problems with sensitivity to touch such as the feel of certain types of clothing like the seams in socks.
Signs and Symtoms of Sensory Intergration Disorder
Examples of sensory integration therapy include:
- being brushed or deeply touched and massaged
- compressing elbows and knees
- spinning on a scooter
- wearing a weighted vest
Louis Center Seremban, N.S. Malaysia Phone 06 6303708/ 012 6125 042